Migrate to Canada

What is the Immigration Process for Canada?

If you want to go to Canada and reside there permanently, you must go through the Canada Immigration Process.

  • Your educational and professional background, as well as your personal preferences, will all have an impact on your immigration process.
  • There are various ways to immigrate to Canada. If you are a first-time applicant, the sheer array of available alternatives may be daunting. Using the services of a knowledgeable immigration adviser, on the other hand, will be advantageous.
  • Canada has a sophisticated immigration system. Their federal and provincial governments encourage skilled, semi-skilled, and agricultural workers.
  • The Express Entry stream, which is based on a points system, is the most popular immigration route to Canada.
  • Work-permit visas, which allow the holder to work in Canada for a set length of time, is another option for immigration to Canada. Without ever having lived in the nation, a person may choose to renew a work visa and apply for permanent residency.
  • Quebec, being a separate province within Canada, has its own immigration process.
  • You can also enter the country as a student, gain job experience at a Canadian business, and then apply for a visa through Express Entry.

Canada Immigration – Benefits, Application Process, Documents & More
Canada is a popular destination for Indians and other foreign migrants. India is a major source of highly skilled people in Canada. The reasons behind this are not difficult to ascertain. Canada offers the right combination of city efficiency with a laid-back rural lifestyle.

It is a country in which you may advance professionally while still maintaining a work-life balance and providing excellent healthcare and education for your entire family. Migrating to Canada has the following advantages. Our Canadian immigration consultant can help you realise your dream of relocating to Canada as simply as possible.

What are the Advantages of Canadian Immigration?

  • Immigration to Canada permits you to live, work, and study anywhere in the nation.
  • You will be able to earn in Canadian dollars, one of the strongest currencies in the world.
  • You can obtain Canadian citizenship within three years after completing your immigration procedure with a registered Canadian immigration consultant.
  • You and your family can have access to low-cost universal healthcare.
  • You will have access to free education up to the university level for your children, as well as several scholarship options for university-level studies.
  • Medicine, education, information technology, hospitality, manufacturing, and other fields provide various job opportunities.
  • Canada boasts the world’s easiest immigration procedure, and an immigration specialist can expedite the process.
  • When you immigrate to Canada, you may bring your entire family, including your parents.
  • Canadian permanent residents are entitled to unemployment benefits and are legally protected under Canadian law.

Key Services we Offer?
Infinite Education and Migration Services in Hyderabad offers the following key services:

  • Case Study/Analysis
  • Pre-Application Evaluation
  • Documentation Assistance
  • Filing a Visa Application
  • Language Instruction (English/French)
  • International Admissions
  • Analysis and Filing of Refusal Cases
  • Follow up with the Immigration Office on your visa

Immigration applicants seeking an overseas visa may be certain of obtaining all of the aforementioned services, as well as an appropriate session with Case Managers regarding overseas settlement and vital federal services in their destination country.

How to Apply for Canada Immigration?
Because of its high quality of life, citizenship, and a number of other attributes, Canada is one of the best countries in the world to relocate to. Several Indian families have settled in Canada, giving newcomers a sense of belonging.

As a result, the vast majority of Indian subcontinent immigrants opt to file for Canadian immigration from India. Canada’s point-based Permanent Residency process is one of the world’s easiest immigration systems.
It is a diverse country with a strong economy and an open immigration policy. Canada is well-known for being a land of immigrants.
Because of the constant demand for competent professionals, Canada is the best place to apply for permanent residency. Immigration, Refugees, and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) has established a variety of techniques for applying for immigration to Canada based on the type of applicant.
The Canadian government wants to invite around one million new immigrants on Permanent Residence (PR) visas during the next three years. The IRCC will invite the bulk of these applicants through economic immigration programmes such as the Express Entry System and the Provincial Nominee Programme (PNP).
As a result, if you are a skilled worker seeking Permanent Residency (PR) in Canada, now is the time to start preparing for your application and apply for a Canadian PR visa.

What are the pathway for Immigration to Canada?
Because Canada needs competent workers and professionals, the Immigration, Refugees, and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) has created unique programmes to invite them on permanent visas. You may apply for PR visa immigration to Canada through the following popular program:

Express Entry System
Express Entry is a point-based online immigration system in Canada

Provincial Nominee Program (PNP)
The PNPs are the immigration programs of the different provinces in Canada.

Self-employed person Program
This program allows you to immigrate to Canada as a self-employed person.

Family-Sponsored program
Canadian permanent residents or citizens, can sponsor eligible relatives to Canada as PR

Quebec Skilled Worker Program
The QSWP allows international graduates and skilled workers to immigrate to Quebec province of Canada.

Investor Immigration
Canada offers PR visas to the individuals interested in investing money in different Canadian provinces.

Key Requirements for Immigration to Canada
Although each of the schemes listed above has different qualifying requirements, most immigration program require a few crucial documents.

Find below a few common as well as crucial requirements for skilled migration to Canada:

  • Minimum required qualification with ECA
  • English/French proficiency test result, i.e. IELTS
  • Meet the minimum points criteria
  • Work experience related documents
  • Medical certificate for fitness
  • Police Clearance Certificate (PCC)

Why Do Applicants Contact the US ?
We have quickly established a good reputation and are currently the leading immigration consultation services in India. When it comes to competence, wisdom, experience, and the potential of our workforce to function as crucial mentors and advisors for overseas visa applicants, our Hyderabad office is no different than its branch office in Melbourne, Australia.

Best Canada Immigration Consultants in India
Do you wish to move to Canada but aren’t sure where to start? In such a case, go with the best Canada Immigration Consultants! Our immigration specialists are committed to providing you with customized, dependable, and efficient immigration services, supported by a team of seasoned and talented professionals with a proven track record of success.

We understand that the Canadian immigration procedure can be intimidating, especially if you are inexperienced with it, which is why we provide end-to-end assistance, from first assessment and consultations to post-landing support and services. We stay up-to-date on the most recent Canadian immigration regulations and processes, and we work hard to guarantee that your application is accepted. So, contact Infinite Education & Migration Services, the best Canada Visa Consultants in Hyderabad, right now to begin your new life in Canada.

The ECA is a report meant to confirm an immigration applicant’s educational qualifications. The goal of this review is to ensure that the level of education in your home country is comparable to that of Canadian degrees.
This report investigates whether a person’s foreign secondary diploma meets the criteria and rigours of a Canadian degree. Foreign degrees are evaluated by a variety of institutions.

How to Assess the Need for an ECA Evaluation?
Immigration applicants are not usually obliged to have an ECA evaluation. To participate in the Federal Skilled Workers Programme, you must first join the ECA. 
The Express Entry scheme is another name for the Federal Skilled Workers Programme. This speeds up people’s immigration to the country depending on their skill set.  
ECA is essential if you want your degree from a foreign college to be acknowledged in Canada.

Which Credentials Need Evaluation? 
This approach does not require that every level of schooling be reviewed. Higher education levels require review. 
This implies that your greatest level of education must be examined. You do not need to have both your certificate course and your bachelor’s degree reviewed if you finished both.
However, if someone has multiple credentials, they must have each one evaluated individually.

Who needs an ECA report

The credentials of people applying for immigration to Canada through Express Entry must be assessed. But let’s say you attended a recognised Canadian university as an overseas student and worked towards a degree. You won’t require an ECA report in that situation. 

How to get an ECA report
To get your ECA report, you must determine which organization is best for your needs. 
An applicant must submit the necessary paperwork, including transcripts and degree certificates, to an agency recognised by Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) in order to acquire an ECA (Educational Credential Assessment) report. If relevant, the applicant’s spouse or partner must also submit the paperwork. 

These organizations operate independently of the government of Canada. The current organizations designated by IRCC to issue ECA (Educational Credential Assessment) reports are: 

  • World Education Services 
  • Comparative Education Service – University of Toronto School of Continuing Studies 
  • International Credential Assessment Service of Canada 
  • International Qualifications Assessment Service
  • International Credential Evaluation Service 
  • Medical Council of Canada
  • Pharmacy Examining Board of Canada

Cost and Processing Time for ECA Canada
Different agencies will have different processing times for the ECA (Educational Credential Assessment).

Click here to View More

FSWP: Immigrate to Canada under the Federal Skilled Worker Program

Since 1967, the Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSWP) has been the main way Canada has welcomed talent from all across the globe.

The FSWP was the world’s first programme to objectively examine immigration candidates. The FSWP is now one of three skilled worker programmes overseen by Canada’s Express Entry system. 

The Canadian government recognised that the old model was flawed, it implemented the world’s first points-based immigration system. Hence, Canada would no longer employ subjective criteria. Instead, it chose to apply objective criteria to evaluate all candidates consistently: age, education, language abilities, job experience, occupation, and other variables.

The benefits of the FSWP
The FSWP is now maintained by the Express Entry application management system. Canada hopes to accept over 110,000 immigrants through Express Entry by 2024. The FSWP is used by the majority of successful Express Entry candidates to come to Canada. According to Canadian government research, FSWP immigrants enjoy successful and rewarding careers in Canada.

Furthermore, seeking immigration through the FSWP is advantageous since you can get permanent residency in six months, as opposed to the lengthy processing timelines for Canada’s other skilled worker programmes.

How the immigration process works with the FSWP:
Canada employs the Express Entry application management system for three skilled worker programmes, including the FSWP. If you have never lived in Canada and are not a skilled crafts professional, the FSWP is your best Express Entry choice. First, you must determine if you meet the FSWP’s eligibility requirements. Then you submit an Express Entry profile. You will be assigned a Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) score based on characteristics such as your age, education, language abilities, and job experience. Every two weeks, the Canadian government organises Express Entry drawings, asking the individuals with the highest CRS scores to apply for permanent residency. After completing your completed application, you may expect to get your permanent resident status within six months.

Here is a step-by-step guide on how you can pursue immigration to Canada through the FSWP:

Step 1: Find out if you meet the FSWP’s eligibility criteria. CanadaVisa has a free eligibility tool.

Step 2: Submit your Express Entry profile onto the website of Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC). 

Step 3: See if you receive an Invitation to Apply (ITA) for permanent residence. IRCC holds Express Entry draws approximately every two weeks.

Step 4: If you receive an ITA, you go ahead and submit your completed permanent residence application to IRCC. You can then move to Canada after IRCC completes the processing of your application.

Eligibility Criteria
Potential applicants must fulfil the basic standards for employment, language proficiency, education, and achieve at least 67 points on the program’s 100-point grid in order to be qualified to apply under the Federal Skilled Worker Programme.

 The minimum requirements are:

  • One year of continuous full-time or equivalent paid work experience in the past 10 years in a skilled occupation classified under the  National Occupational Classification (NOC) TEER level 0, 1, 2, or 3.
  • Validated language ability equivalent to Canadian Language Benchmark (CLB) 7 in English or French across all abilities (reading, writing, listening, and speaking); and
  • Canadian educational credential (certificate, diploma, or degree) or foreign credential and Educational Credential Assessment (ECA) report. 
  • Get at least 67 out of 100 points on the FSWP grid. The program’s grid assesses candidates based on factors that include age, education, work experience, arranged employment, language ability, and adaptability.
  • Meet the settlement funds criteria (if applicable). Candidates may need to demonstrate they have a certain amount of savings to support themselves financially upon arriving in Canada.

You can join the Express Entry pool once you are eligible. The CRS is used to rank applicant profiles in the Express Entry pool, which also includes Federal Skilled Trades and Canadian Experience Class candidates. 

If you qualify for the FSWP, you may be eligible for category-based Express Entry drawings as well. Meeting the qualifying conditions for category-based draws increases your chances of being accepted for Canadian permanent residency.

Since 2008, the Canadian Experience Class (CEC) has provided a significant avenue for applicants who have worked in Canada and desire to move to Canada permanently. 

The CEC is a popular choice for temporary foreign employees and overseas grads seeking Canadian job experience. The CEC is one of three programmes overseen by Canada’s Express Entry system. 

In 2008, Immigration, Refugees, and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) established the Canadian Experience Class (CEC) programme to provide a specialised skilled worker pathway to temporary foreign employees and international graduates seeking permanent residency.

Since then, the CEC has developed into one of Canada’s major immigration channels for talented workers, and it is recognised as a resounding success by governments across the country, communities, companies, and immigration applicants themselves.

What are the benefits of the CEC?
The CEC is part of a coordinated federal and provincial government initiative to encourage more temporary foreign workers and international students to establish their futures in Canada. CEC immigrants may be highly successful in the labour market by combining strong human capital requirements (e.g., being young and middle-aged, having high levels of education, job experience, and education) with creating social and professional networks in Canada.

Additionally, applicants with Canadian experience are eligible for higher Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) points under Express Entry. This improves their chances of being granted permanent residency.

CEC applicants who are successful through Express Entry normally receive their permanent residence status within six months.

Unlike the other two Express Entry programmes, applicants who succeed under the CEC do not need to demonstrate to IRCC that they have sufficient settlement money to maintain themselves financially if granted permanent residence.

Eligibility Criteria
To be eligible for the CEC, you must meet the following requirements:

  • Have obtained at least one year of skilled, professional or technical work experience in Canada within 36 months of the application date; and
  • Meet or surpass a Canadian Language Benchmark (CLB) of 5 (“initial intermediate”) for NOC TEER category 2 or 3 jobs or CLB 7 (“adequate intermediate proficiency”), for NOC TEER category 0 or 1 jobs.
  • Plan to live and work outside of the province of Quebec (individuals with work experience in Quebec and who plan to reside in Quebec may apply to the Quebec Experience Class).

In Canada, one year (or 12 months) of work experience is defined as at least 1,560 hours of skilled employment. The 1,560 hours can be achieved by full-time or part-time employment.

Applicants may remain in Canada during the application process. However, the Canadian Experience Class is also accessible to persons who are no longer in Canada, as long as they apply within three years after leaving their work in Canada.

The Canadian Experience Class requirements are graded on a pass/fail basis. If the minimal qualifications are satisfied, the candidate is qualified to enter the Express Entry pool.

How the immigration process works with the CEC:
The first step is to check that you are eligible for the CEC or one of the other Express Entry programmes. If you meet the requirements, you must create an Express Entry profile on the IRCC website. IRCC organises Express Entry lotteries every two weeks, providing permanent residency invites to candidates with the highest CRS scores. CRS ratings are based on human capital qualities such as age, education, language skills, job experience, and Canadian experience, among other things. If you obtain an invitation to apply (ITA) for permanent residency, you must complete an application and submit it to IRCC before the deadline. The IRCC’s goal is to process applications in six months or less.

What is the Express Entry System to apply for a Canada PR visa?
The Express Entry system is a point-based online immigration programme in Canada that was established in January 2015 by Immigration, Refugees, and Citizenship Canada (IRCC). Skilled professionals who want to apply for a Canada PR Visa can create a profile in the Express Entry Canada system. Tens of thousands of people register their profiles in the EE system each year in order to receive an ITA (Invitation to Apply) for a PR visa in Canada.

The IRCC evaluates submitted profiles in the EE system based on six selection factors: age, education, language competency (English/French), work experience, adaptability, and pre-arranged employment. The EE system handles applications for Permanent Residence (PR) in the three categories listed below:

  • The Federal Skilled Worker Program
  • The Federal Skilled Trades program and
  • The Canadian Experience Class

To be qualified and to apply for a Canadian PR visa through Express Entry Canada, you must score at least 67 points out of 100 based on your profile’s six selection factors, such as age, education, language competency.

Once you have acquired the eligibility points under Federal Skilled Worker (FSW), you will be placed in the Express Entry pool of applicants and will receive a CRS (Comprehensive Ranking System) score. Applicants with the highest CRS (Comprehensive Ranking System) receive an Invitation to Apply for Canadian Permanent Residency from IRCC.

Express Entry System Benefits
The primary advantages of applying for a Canadian PR visa through the federal Express Entry Immigration System of Canada are listed below:

  • Fastest way to apply for and get Canadian Permanent Residence (PR) VISA
  • Easy-going point-based immigration system
  • No compulsory job offer required to apply
  • You can get points for Spouse’s credentials
  • No charge for creating an Express Entry profile
  • Merit-based selection
  • Liberty to create profile again, if not received the ITA within 12 months

Application procedure for Federal Skilled Worker visa

Step 1: Check Your Eligibility
If you meet the minimum requirements then check if you’re able to get a lowest of 67 points with the above Federal Skilled Worker points calculator or from the point grid.

Step 2: Create Express Entry Profile
To construct your Express Entry profile, you must submit the three papers listed below to IRCC (Immigration, Refugees, and Citizenship Canada).

  • Identification – A Valid Passport
  • Educational Credentials Assessment (ECA)
  • Language Proficiency Test Results

Every candidate for the FSW Canada draw is assessed for medical and criminal inadmissibility. Apart from these three papers, you must also furnish the following:

  • Medical examination report from an IRCC recognized panel physician
  • Police clearance certificate from a local police station
  • Work experience letters from previous employers

Before going to the next phase, you must verify your CRS Score. If your score is lower than the average cut-off score, an immigration specialist can advise you on how to increase your CRS Score.

Step 3: Receive an Invitation to Apply (ITA)
If an application is successful in acquiring an ITA for Canadian PR, the candidate will have 60 days to file an electronic Application for Permanent Residence (eAPR).

The Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) is used by Canada to rank skilled worker candidates who seek to come to Canada through Express Entry. The CRS assigns a score to candidates based on factors such as their age, education, language abilities, and job experience.
Express Entry is a fluid system. The Canadian government invites only the top-scoring skilled worker candidates to come to Canada.
The Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) is used by the Canadian government to assess and rank Express Entry candidates.
Each candidate (and their spouse or partner, if they have one) is evaluated by the CRS based on their human capital. Canada considers a candidate’s age, education, English and/or French language abilities, and job experience, among other factors. The Canadian government then assigns a CRS score to candidates based on their human capital qualities. 

The Canadian government performs Express Entry drawings every two weeks, awarding permanent residency invites to applicants with the highest CRS scores

The Comprehensive Ranking System is used by Canada to select competent worker applicants who have the highest probability of succeeding in its employment market. The CRS is advantageous to both Canada and immigrants. Canada does its share to welcome immigrants who are most likely to have satisfying careers in the nation by adopting this rigorous and evidence-based approach to rating and ranking immigrants. 

The CRS is based on decades of Canadian government research on immigrant job outcomes. According to Canadian government studies, new immigrants who arrive young and middle-aged, with a high degree of work experience, education, and language abilities, integrate quite successfully in the Canadian employment market. 

Comprehensive Ranking System Points Breakdown
The Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) contains three factors:

  • Core Human Capital Factors
  • Skill Transferability Factors
  • Additional Factors relating to a provincial nomination, a qualifying offer of arranged employment, Canadian study experience, a sibling in Canada, and/or French language ability.

There are a total of 1,200 points available under the Comprehensive Ranking System.

For candidates without an accompanying spouse or common-law partner, there are:

  • a maximum of 500 points available for core human capital factors;
  • a maximum of 100 points available for skill transferability factors; and
  • 600 points available for additional factors (including a provincial nomination, an offer of arranged employment, Canadian study experience, a sibling in Canada, and/or French language ability). 

For candidates with an accompanying spouse or common-law partner, there are:

  • a maximum of 460 points available for core human capital factors of the principal applicant;
  • a maximum of 40 points for the core human capital factors of the spouse or common-law partner;
  • a maximum of 100 points available for skill transferability factors; and
  • 600 points available for additional factors (including a provincial nomination, an offer of arranged employment, Canadian study experience, a sibling in Canada, and/or French language ability).

French ability

  • 25 additional points for French-speaking candidates who prove adequate intermediate (equivalent to Canadian Language Benchmark 7) or better French ability, and English language test results of CLB 4 or lower, or no English test results at all.
  • 50 additional points for French-speaking candidates who prove adequate intermediate or better French ability, and who also prove English language test results of CLB 5 or better.

Sibling in Canada

  • Candidates having a sibling in Canada who is a Canadian citizen or permanent resident over the age of 18 will receive 15 bonus points. These points may also be granted if the candidate’s spouse or common-law partner has a sibling in Canada. The candidate or his or her spouse/common-law partner must share a mother and/or father with the sibling in Canada. This relationship might be based on blood, adoption, marriage, or a common-law partnership.

Canada Provincial Nominee Program(PNP)
The PNP (Provincial Nominee Programme) of Canada is a significant immigration route to Canada. Anyone who wants to migrate to and establish oneself in a certain Canadian province may enrol in the PNP Canada courses. The federal government of Canada and each province work together, or IRCC (Immigration Citizenship Refugee Canada) permits each province to determine who will dwell in their jurisdiction as permanent residents.

What are the key benefits of applying in a Canada PNP for Immigration?

  • As an applicant, you get Liberty to choose a province to settle: You have the option of settling in any province and applying for its provincial programmes.
  • No job offer requirement:  Several provinces do not require any job offer from the applicants.
  • Helps increase your CRS Score: The nomination obtained in the express Entry stream of a PNP enables you to 600 additional CRS points, which significantly boosts your Express Entry CRS score and qualifies you for an ITA (Invitation to Apply) for a Canadian PR Visa.
  • Points allocated for the area of training: In a few PNPs, such as the Saskatchewan PNP, you also gain points for the area of training.
  • Low English proficiency, i.e. IELTS score: Some PNP streams, such as the Occupation in Demand (OID) stream of the Saskatchewan Immigrant Nominee Programme, demand a least CLB 4 level of language competence, whereas Express Entry requires a minimum CLB 7 level of language ability.

If you apply to any of the PNP Canada programmes and are accepted, you will receive a nomination from that province, which will allow you to apply for Permanent Residency in Canada.

How to Apply in a Canada PNP (Provincial Nominee Program)?
There are two fundamental ways to apply for a provincial programme in a specific province in Canada:

Apply to a PNP Canada directly: Once you’ve settled on a province, you may apply to its Provincial Nominee Programme directly. The processes for directing PNP application are as follows:

Choose a province and apply in its provincial nominee program.

  • A PNP will review your application based on the selection criteria/point system of that particular province.
  • If a province finds your profile suitable, you will get a nomination letter from the province.
  • Based on the nomination, you can apply for Permanent Residency in Canada to IRCC (Immigration, Refugee Citizenship Canada).

Apply via Express Entry System:If you apply for Express Entry and are accepted, the provinces of Canada will be able to check your profile in the Express Entry pool. If your profile is picked by a province, you will be requested to apply in that province’s PNP’s express entry stream. You can apply for a permanent residence visa online if you have a nomination or invitation from a province.

Express Entry Vs PNP- Which is best to apply to Canada PR?
This streamlined admission route is Canada’s largest and most popular immigration scheme. It assigns a score to each applicant’s profile based on the total of their points for factors such as age, education, employment experience, language proficiency, and so on. If your point total is sufficient, IRCC will give you an invitation to apply.

You should apply to any PNP (Provincial Nominee Programme) even if your CRS (Comprehensive Ranking System) score is low. Candidates with low CRS scores are regularly accepted by PNPs. Candidates from the express entry pool are also invited to the Express Entry Stream of the Canada PNP depending on their CRS score and eligibility.

What is an Express Entry linked stream of a PNP?
The federal express admission plan is represented by the express entrance aligned stream. The Canadian provinces can utilise this channel to choose candidates from the expedited entry pool and request nomination applications.

When a candidate files an application and the PNP accepts it, the candidate becomes eligible for provincial nomination and gains 600 CRS points in the federal express entry system. A significant increase in CRS points assures that an applicant will receive an ITA (Invitation to Apply) from the IRCC for Canadian PR in the next Express Entry federal system draw.

Which PNP requires the lowest IELTS score?
The French or English proficiency exam, often known as the IELTS (International English Language Testing procedure), is a key selection criteria in Canada’s immigration process. Immigration officials utilise the IELTS Test result to evaluate an applicant’s English language ability. As a result, IELTS is a globally accepted and recognised English proficiency exam.

  • Candidates with poor IELTS scores are accepted into the Saskatchewan Immigrant Nominee Programme (SINP) by the Saskatchewan Provincial Government. The SINP requires a minimum IELTS CLB (Canadian Language Benchmark) of 4.
  • Manitoba Provincial Nominee Programme requires a low IELTS level, i.e. a CLB (Canadian Language Benchmark) 4 score.

Application Process for Canada Provincial Nominee Programs (PNPs)
You can apply for the Canada Provincial Nominee Programs (PNPs) in two ways. The ways are –

  • Express Entry system
  • Non- Express Entry system (paper-based application)

The Express Entry system can be classified in two ways –

  • The candidates make an Express Entry profile.
  • After the submission of necessary documents, they reach the Express Entry pool.
  • Thereafter, the different territories and provinces look for suitable applicants.
  • The applicants picked by the different PNPs get the NOI (Notification of Interest).
  • Now, the candidates can submit the EOI (Expression of Interest) to the Express Entry stream.


  • The candidate checks for a suitable PNP and applies for the nomination.
  • If the territory or province agrees for the nomination, the applicants can create the Express Entry profile.
  • There, they can show that they have the provincial nomination.
  • Non- Express Entry system (paper-based application) –
  • Select an appropriate province based on the eligibility criteria.
  • Submit the EOI (Expression of Interest) under the non-Express Entry stream.
  • The application will be evaluated based on the points system of the specific province or territory.
  • Upon selection, the applicants receive a nomination letter.

After this, the candidates must submit a paper application for a Permanent Residency visa to the IRCC (Immigration, Refugees, and Citizenship Canada).

Click here to view All the Provinces

Since 2013, the Federal Skilled Trades Program (FSTP) has offered an immigration pathway to global talent with skilled trades backgrounds.

The FSTP is one of three skilled worker programmes in Canada governed by the Express Entry system. 

The FSTP is one of three federal economic projects managed by the Government of Canada’s Express Entry system. Express Entry is Canada’s principal means of inviting economically eligible workers to immigrate to the country. Under its Immigration Levels Plan, Canada plans to accept over 400,000 new immigrants each year, including an average of 110,000 yearly immigration spots earmarked for Express Entry.

What are the benefits of the FSTP?
Immigrating to Canada through the FSTP offers various advantages. Under Express Entry, successful FSTP candidates can often get permanent status within six months.

FSTP candidates may have lower CRS scores than other Express Entry candidates, in part because they are not required to demonstrate their level of education. IRCC, on the other hand, runs program-specific Express Entry lotteries from time to time, inviting only FSTP candidates. Entering the Express Entry pool increases your chances of obtaining permanent residency since you can obtain a provincial nomination, which nearly assures your success through Express Entry. A provincial nomination is worth 600 CRS points, which means you will almost surely receive a permanent residency invitation through Express Entry.

If you are an FSTP applicant with Canadian work experience, you will do well in the Canadian employment market. IRCC awards extra Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) points to candidates who have worked and studied in Canada.

According to government and academic studies in Canada, having Canadian experience is a substantial asset when applying for permanent residency. When you get permanent residency through the FSTP, the combination of your knowledge, contacts, experience, and talents will provide you a competitive advantage in the employment market.

How the immigration process works with the FSTP:
Using Express Entry, IRCC oversees skilled worker applications for three economic class skilled worker immigration programmes, including the FSTP. 

You must first ensure that you meet the qualifications for the FSTP, the Federal Skilled Worker Programme (FSWP), or the Canadian Experience Class (CEC). If you meet the eligibility standards, you may submit an Express Entry profile to IRCC’s website and receive a CRS score based on characteristics such as your age, education, language skills, employment experience, and Canadian work and study experience. Every two weeks, the IRCC holds Express Entry lotteries, inviting the individuals with the highest CRS scores to apply for permanent residency. The IRCC will provide you with a deadline for submitting your application.

Eligibility Criteria
In order to be eligible for the FSTP, you must:

  • have valid job offers of continuous, paid, full-time employment (at least 30 hours a week) from up to two employers in Canada for at least one year OR a certificate of qualification* from a provincial or territorial body;
  • provide proof of basic language proficiency from a designated language testing organization, demonstrating that the applicant meets the minimum threshold set by IRCC — Canadian Level Benchmark (CLB) 5 for speaking and listening, CLB 4 for reading and writing;
  • have obtained 2 years of full-time work experience (or an equal amount of part-time work) in the skilled trade in the five years before applying; and
  • be able to demonstrate the skills and experience and that they have performed the essential duties of the occupation.

Successful candidates under Express Entry receive an Invitation to Apply (ITA) for permanent residence. Canada issues ITAs approximately every two weeks. If you successfully receive an ITA, you will then need to submit your completed permanent residence application to Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC). 

An Invitation To Apply is not the same as initial eligibility to enter the Express Entry pool, nor is it the same as a job offer from a Canadian business or a provincial nomination certificate. The Invitation to Apply is a letter that Express Entry applicants get via their Express Entry profiles. 

Required Documentation
All applicants who get an Invitation to Apply must presently provide the following supporting documentation, as well as government processing fees, with their application:

  • Valid passport
  • Birth certificate
  • Language test results
  • Documentation attesting to work experience
  • Police clearance certificate(s)
  • Upfront medical receipt
  • Photographs of principal applicant and family members

The following paperwork may be required depending on the programme for which a candidate received an Invitation to Apply and the information supplied in his or her Express Entry profile:

  • Canadian Education Credential OR Educational Credential Assessment (ECA)
  • Letter of attestation
  • Official transcripts of post-secondary education study program courses taken
  • Secondary education documents
  • Original letter from a Canadian employer indicating an offer of arranged employment
  • Proof of family relationship(s) in Canada
  • Proof of settlement funds
  • Legal documents showing changes in name or date of birth
  • Marriage certificate(s)
  • Signed Statutory Declaration of Common-law Union and documents attesting to cohabitation for a period of at least 12 months
  • Divorce or annulment certificate(s)
  • Death certificate(s) for former spouse(s) or common-law partner(s)
  • Children’s birth certificates
  • Adoption papers
  • Proof of full custody for children
  • Travel documents (non-passport)
  • Certified copy of a certificate of qualification in a skilled trade occupation issued by a Canadian provincial/territorial authority
  • Copies of work contracts and/or pay stubs
  • Documents relating to income taxation

Accepting an ITA
After the Invitation to Apply is given, the original profile information will be maintained for 60 days. Candidates will have this time to submit a complete and correct application, as well as all supporting documentation. 

Because of the short time frame, applicants are recommended to start gathering these papers and ensure that they are in excellent condition before receiving an Invitation to Apply for Canadian Permanent Residence. If a candidate misses the 60-day limit, the Invitation to Apply for Permanent Residence granted to him or her becomes invalid, and he or she must re-enter the Express Entry pool.

Applicants are given the opportunity to submit an application once all elements of the document checklist have been submitted and completed. The option to submit is not available until all fields have been completed. The submission of the entire application constitutes acceptance. Once the file is uploaded, an Acknowledgement of Receipt (AOR) will be generated automatically.

The application will be reviewed by IRCC to see whether it is both complete and eligible. The IRCC intends to finish this procedure within six months following the applicant’s submission of his or her application

Expiration of an ITA
If no application is received by that time, it will be removed. Candidates who do not refuse an Invitation To Apply and do not apply within 60 days will have their Invitation To Apply expire. Candidates who still intend to move to Canada through Express Entry must complete and submit a new Express Entry profile and be approved back into the pool in order to be considered in future rounds of invites. To re-enter the pool, applicants must still fulfil the basic requirements. 

Declining an ITA
Candidates who refuse an Invitation to Apply will have their profiles re-entered into the Express Entry pool and will be evaluated in future rounds of invitations as long as they match the basic criteria for a federal economic immigration programme.

There is no assurance that applicants will get another Invitation To Apply at a later date. Declining an invitation, on the other hand, has no bearing on whether or not candidates are invited to apply at a later period.

  • how many Invitations to Apply were issued for each draw;
  • the minimum number of CRS points required in order for candidates to receive an Invitation To Apply; and
  • the program(s) under which candidates were issued Invitations to Apply for each draw.

Quebec Immigration
Quebec has a rich history, culture, and beautiful natural vistas, as well as a distinct combination of French and Canadian ancestry. While part of the Canadian federal government, the province has a distinctive position in Canada, with particular regulations and abilities to safeguard and develop its distinct culture and French language.

As a result, Quebec has its own immigration system that includes programmes and selection criteria. This detailed Infinite Education and Migration Services website will give you information on your immigration alternatives as well as an explanation of the process of acquiring a Quebec visa. 

In Canada, immigration is a combined federal-provincial responsibility. According to the Constitution, the federal government has more immigration jurisdiction than the provinces. As a result, throughout Canada’s history, the federal government has taken the lead in welcoming and settling immigrants.

In step one, Quebec selects immigrants according to its own criteria and procedures. If you are selected by Quebec, you and your accompanying family will receive a Certificat de sélection du Québec (CSQ). This document is issued by the Ministère de l’Immigration, de la Francisation et de l’Intégration du Québec and you can obtain it by applying for one of Quebec’s immigration programs.

Receiving your CSQ confirms that you have been selected for immigration to Quebec. Following this step, you can proceed to step two. This means that you will be able to apply to Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada for permanent residence and pass the medical, security and criminality checks necessary to become a permanent resident in Canada.

What are Quebec’s Economic Immigration Programs?
Quebec is unusual in that it is Canada’s only province where French is the sole official language. To preserve its distinct position, Quebec prioritizes knowledge of French when choosing immigrants. While proficiency in French boosts one’s chances of moving to Quebec, meeting the conditions of Quebec’s immigration programmes is achievable even if one does not speak the language.

Quebec selected skilled workers for immigration based on the demographic and economic needs of the province and specific annual admission targets.

Eligibility for Québec Skilled Worker Immigration

 The Quebec immigration selection factors are:

  • Your age should be under 40.
  • You need a Bachelor’s degree in any stream.
  • You need to have work experience of at least 2 years.
  • You need to score at least 50 points (for solo applicants only). 
  • You should have competent skills in English or French.
  • Education in Quebec, like a Quebec diploma or degree is always an advantage. This is not mandatory.
  • You must not have any criminal records.
  • You should be in good health.

Quebec Immigration Cost
There are several costs involved in immigration through the Quebec Skilled Workers program.

Let’s begin with the application fee:

  • Principal Applicant: $785
  • Spouse: $168
  • Dependent Child(each): $168

We then have the Visa fees:

  • Principal Applicant and Spouse: CAD 550
  • Dependent: CAD 150

Following this, we have the Right to Permanent Residence Fee:

  • Principal Applicant and Spouse: CAD 490

There are also costs involved for medical examinations, police clearance certificates and language testing.

Processing Time for Quebec Immigration
What is the PEQ processing time? The PEQ (Quebec Experience Programme) previously had a processing threshold of 20 days, but the province is now committing to processing applications within a maximum of 6 months. The rationale for this is because Quebec wants to ensure that PEQ and QSWP candidates are treated equally.

The shift to Quebec is a two stage process.

The first stage can be divided into 3 parts:

  • Verification of documents
  • Preliminary review
  • Selection review 

The federal application procedure is the second stage. It entails police clearance, medical exams, and visa stamping. Once the documents are validated, the procedure might take up to 12 months.

What is The Atlantic Immigration Program?
The Atlantic Immigration Program offers permanent residence to skilled workers that want to settle in Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Newfoundland and Labrador, or Prince Edward Island.

The Atlantic Immigration Programme is intended to welcome more people to the Atlantic Canada area in order to meet the requirements of local companies and communities.

The programme enables local firms to find, acquire, and retain global talent. The programme also aims to stimulate population growth, produce a competent workforce, and increase regional employment rates.

Atlantic Immigration Program: How it Works
The Atlantic Immigration Programme is an employer-driven programme that makes it easier for businesses to hire overseas nationals. All main candidates arriving in Canada under the programme must have a work offer from a specified company as well as an individualised settlement plan for themselves and their families.

When a designated employer identifies a candidate who satisfies their employment needs as well as the programme criteria, that employer must initially offer the candidate a job. 

Employers do not need to go through the process of obtaining a Labour Market Impact Assessment (LMIA).
After the candidate accepts the position, the employer will refer the candidate to a recognised settlement service provider organisation for a needs assessment and the development of a settlement plan. Employers will also assist the new immigrant and, if applicable, his or her family in achieving the goals of their settlement plan after they arrive in Canada.

Employers who need to fill the position fast will be able to get a temporary work visa, allowing the candidate and his or her family to arrive in Canada as soon as possible.

In order to obtain this work permit, candidates will need:

  • a valid job offer;
  • a letter from the province; and
  • a commitment to apply for permanent residence within 90 days of the temporary work permit application.

Employer designation
Employers who want to hire skilled immigrants under the programme must apply to the province(s) in order to be designated. Employers having several sites in different provinces will need a separate designation for each province. Employers must satisfy specific criteria, including a promise to assist the newcomer and his or her family as they adjust to life in Atlantic Canada.

Candidate Requirements
To be eligible for the AIP you must:

  • have qualifying work experience unless you are an international student that graduated from a recognized post-secondary institution in Atlantic Canada.
  • meet the educational criteria
  • meet the language criteria
  • show you have enough settlement funds. You do not need to show proof of settlement funds if you are already living and working in Canada with a valid work permit.

If you match all of the following qualifications, you are free to start searching for work with an approved Atlantic Canada business.

Work experience
You must have worked at least 1,560 hours in the last 5 years. 

To calculate your hours:

  • Count hours worked in full-time and part-time jobs
  • Only count paid hours of work. Do not count volunteer or unpaid hours
  • Do not count self-employed work hours
  • You can count hours worked inside Canada or abroad. You must have been legally authorized to work in Canada as a temporary resident
  • Count hours that were accumulated over a period of time of at least 12 months
  • You can count work experience you gained while you were studying as long as the work hours comply with the conditions of your study permit.

Work experience must fit into one of the National Occupational Classification (NOC) TEER categories of 0, 1, 2, or 3.

Your employment history must contain the acts described in your NOC’s description, as well as the majority of your NOC’s key tasks.

International graduates
International students who graduated in Canada do not need to meet the work experience requirements if they:

  • have a degree, diploma, certificate, or trade or apprenticeship certification that took at least 2 years of studies, and is from a recognized post-secondary institution in New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island, or Newfoundland and Labrador
  • were a full-time student during their entire studies
  • had the visa or permit they needed to work, study, or get training while they lived in Canada
  • lived in one of the Atlantic provinces for at least 16 months during the last 2 years before they graduated

Educational requirements

  • If your offer is at the NOC TEER category 0 or 1, you must have a one-year post-secondary educational credential or higher, or the equivalent outside of Canada
  • If your job offer is at the NOC TEER category 2, 3, or 4, you must have a Canadian high school diploma, or the equivalent outside of Canada.

If you studied outside of Canada you need to get an Educational Credential Assessment (ECA) to confirm your studies are equivalent to the Canadian educational standards needed for your job offer. The ECA report must be less than 5 years old on the date IRCC receives your application.

Language requirements 

  • For NOC TEER category 0 or 1 job offers, you need a Canadian Language Benchmark (CLB) or Niveaux de compétence linguistique canadiens (NCLC) level of 5.
  • For NOC TEER category 2, 3, or 4 job offers, you need a CLB or NCLC level of 4.

Settlement funds

  • If you already live in Canada and are working with a valid work permit, you do not need to show proof of funds.

Documentation for the Atlantic Immigration Program

The basic documents you will need are :

  • Valid passport
  • Test results for language skills
  • Police Clearance Certificate
  • Proof of funds
  • Medical certificate
  • Educational Credential Assessment (ECA)
  • Legit settlement plan
  • Employment letter
  • Certificate of Endorsement
  • Proof of payment

Additional documents :

  • Proof of experience (if needed)
  • Marriage license (if needed)

Processing Time: How long does it take to get PR through AIP?
AIP applications are processed around 6 months. After receiving the endorsement certificate, the candidate must file the PR application within six months. Employers who need to fill an immediate employment gap can get a temporary work visa, allowing the qualified immigrant to come and work right away while the application is being reviewed.

Note: In case the Permanent Residency Visa gets delayed, the applicant is granted a Temporary Work Permit (TWP) for a year.

National Occupation Classification

What is NOC?
Since 1992, the IRCC has used several versions of the NOC system to categorise and classify jobs for immigration reasons.

As of November 16, 2022, Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) and Employment and Social Development Canada (ESDC) are using the 2021 version of the National Occupation Classification (NOC) system to assess the occupations of skilled worker permanent residence and work permit applicants.

This change influences Express Entry and a number of other main Canadian immigration and work permit procedures. 

Programs Affected by NOC 2021
NOC 2021 impacts eligibility criteria for the following 11 programs:

  • Express Entry: Canadian Experience Class (CEC), Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSWP), Federal Skilled Trades Program (FSTP)
  • Atlantic Immigration Program (AIP)
  • Provincial Nominee Program (PNP)
  • Caregivers Programs
  • Rural and Northern Immigration Pilot
  • Agri-Food Pilot
  • Out-of-Status Construction Workers
  • Temporary Foreign Worker Program (TFWP)
  • International Mobility Program (IMP)

The table below will match NOC 2016 skill types/levels with NOC 2021 TEER categories and provide occupation types and examples that align with each TEER category.


NOC 2016

NOC 20212 Occupation Types Examples
Skill Level 0 TEER 0 Management occupations Advertising, marketing and public relations managers; Financial managers
Skill Level A TEER 1 Occupations that usually require a university degree Financial advisors;
Software engineers
Skill Level B TEER 2

Occupations that usually require

  • a college diploma
  • apprenticeship training of 2 or more years, or
  • supervisory occupations
Computer network and web technicians;
Medical laboratory technologists
Skill Level B TEER 3

Occupations that usually require

  • a college diploma
  • apprenticeship training of less than 2 years, or
  • more than 6 months of on-the-job training
Dental assistants and dental laboratory assistants
Skill Level C TEER 4

Occupations that usually require

  • a high school diploma, or
  • several weeks of on-the-job training
Home child care providers;
Retail salespersons and visual merchandisers
Skill Level D TEER 5 Occupations that usually need short-term work demonstration and no formal education Landscaping and grounds maintenance labourers;
Delivery service drivers and door-to-door distributors


Find your NOC
NOC 2021 is changing all occupation codes from four to five digits.

If you are wondering what your new NOC is, use this Government of Canada tool to find your NOC 2021 code and TEER category today, according to your job title.

Express Entry eligibility criteria changes
Express Entry is one of Canada’s primary ways for attracting skilled immigrants. With NOC 2021, the qualifying requirements for all three Express Entry programmes will change.

Note: CLB refers to Canadian Language Benchmark

New jobs eligible for Express Entry
NOC 2021 has made the following 16 occupations now eligible through the Express Entry system.

  • Payroll administrators
  • Dental assistants and dental laboratory assistants
  • Nurse aides, orderlies, and patient service associates
  • Pharmacy technical assistants and pharmacy assistants
  • Elementary and secondary school teacher assistants
  • Sheriffs and bailiffs
  • Correctional service officers
  • By-law enforcement and other regulatory officers
  • Estheticians, electrologists and related occupations
  • Residential and commercial installers and servicers
  • Pest controllers and fumigators
  • Other repairers and servicers
  • Transport truck drivers
  • Bus drivers, subway operators and other transit operators
  • Heavy equipment operators
  • Aircraft assemblers and aircraft assembly inspectors

Jobs now ineligible for Express Entry
NOC 2021 has made the following three occupations ineligible through the Express Entry system.

  • Other performers
  • Program leaders and instructors in recreation, sport, and fitness
  • Tailors, dressmakers, furriers, and milliners

Other immigration channels with broader occupational eligibility standards, such as several streams of Canada’s 11 PNPs, remain open to the three newly disqualified jobs.

Will NOC 2021 impact CRS scores?
The Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) points awarded for ‘planned employment’ will now follow an updated Skill Type/Level chart until NOC 2021.

For example, if a candidate’s NOC is in TEER 0, 1, 2, or 3 (NOC 2021), they will still obtain 50 points for ‘organised employment’ in Skill Type/Level 0, A or B (NOC 2016).

Will NOC 2021 impact scoring for the FSWP?

Through NOC 2021, points given for ‘selection factors’ as part of the Federal Skilled Workers Program (FSWP) will now follow an updated Skill Type/Level chart.

For example, a candidate who would have received 10 points for ‘arranged employment’ in Skill Type/Level 0, A or B (NOC 2016) will still get those points for ‘arranged employment’ in TEER 0, 1, 2 or 3 (NOC 2021).

Updating Express Entry profiles after switch to NOC 2021
Because of the move to NOC 2021, IRCC will demand various steps depending on where an applicant is in their Express Entry process.

Candidates who have not yet submitted an Express Entry profile but want to do so on or after the day Canada transitions from NOC 2016 (November 16, 2022) must locate and submit their occupation’s code in accordance with the NOC 2021 when filling out their Express Entry profile.

Candidates who have previously submitted a profile but have not received an Invitation to Apply (ITA) must revise their Express Entry profile once their transition from NOC 2016 is complete. Candidates for Express Entry must browse the NOC 2021 list on the Employment and Social Development Canada (ESDC) website and update their Express Entry profile with their new NOC 2021 TEER category and five-digit occupation code.

Candidates who got an ITA prior to November 16 must simply use the NOC 2016 system (and the NOC code issued at the time of ITA receipt) to submit their Express Entry application. In this situation, the NOC 2021 modification can be ignored.


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